Organic vs Mechanistic Structures


Mechanistic Organic
Individual specialization:
Employees work separately
and specialize in one task
Joint Specialization:
Employees work together and
coordinate tasks
Simple integrating mechanisms:
Hierarchy of authority well-defined
Complex integrating mechanisms:
task forces and teams are primary
integrating mechanisms
Decision-making kept as high as possible.
Most communication is vertical.
Authority to control tasks is delegated.
Most communication lateral
Extensive use made of rules & Standard
Operating Procedures
Mutual Adjustment:
Face-to-face contact for coordination.
Work process tends to be unpredictable
Much written communication Much verbal communication
Informal status in org based on size of
Informal status based on perceived
Organization is a network of positions,
corresponding to tasks. Typically each
person corresponds to one task
Organization is network of persons or
teams. People work in different capacities
simultaneously and over time