Employees work separately
and specialize in one task
Employees work together and
|Simple integrating mechanisms:
Hierarchy of authority well-defined
|Complex integrating mechanisms:
task forces and teams are primary
Decision-making kept as high as possible.
Most communication is vertical.
Authority to control tasks is delegated.
Most communication lateral
Extensive use made of rules & Standard
Face-to-face contact for coordination.
Work process tends to be unpredictable
|Much written communication||Much verbal communication|
|Informal status in org based on size of
|Informal status based on perceived
|Organization is a network of positions,
corresponding to tasks. Typically each
person corresponds to one task
|Organization is network of persons or
teams. People work in different capacities
simultaneously and over time