Homophily refers to the
tendency for people to have (non-negative) ties with people who are
similar to themselves in socially significant ways. The term itself (due
to Lazarsfeld) specifically refers to an internal preference. However,
today it is usually used to refer to an observable behavioral tendency
whose causes can include preference, but can also include opportunity
(e.g., you have many white friends because most people around you are
Marsden, P. V. (1988).
Homogeneity in confiding relations. Social Networks, 10, 57-76.
McPherson, J. M.,&Smith-Lovin,
L. (1987). Homophily in voluntary organizations: Status
distance and the composition of face to face groups. American
Sociological Review, 52,
Concept and Definition
- Byrne, D. (1971). The attraction paradigm. New York: Academic Press.
- Ibarra, H. (1992). Homophily and differential
returns: Sex differences in network structure
and access in an advertising firm. Administrative Science Quarterly, 37,
Ibarra, H. (1995). Race, opportunity, and diversity of social circles in
managerial networks. Academy of Management Journal, 38, 673-703.
- Reagans, R., & Zuckerman, E.W. (2001). Networks,
diversity, and productivity: The social
capital of corporate R&D teams. Organization Science, 12, 502-517.
- J. Miller McPherson, “An Ecology of Affiliation.”
American Sociological Review 48
- Miller McPherson, Lynn Smith-Lovin, and James M.
Cook, “Birds of a Feather:
Homophily in Social Networks.” Annual Review of Sociology 27 (2001): 415-44.
- Noah Mark, “Birds of a Feather Sing Together.”
Social Forces 77 (1998): 453-485