In network analysis, 2-mode data typically refers to data like the Davis Gardner
and Gardner Deep South data, which records which social events were attended by
which society women. Other well-known 2-mode data include memberships in boards
of directors, participation in clubs, and associations with concepts/words.
Breiger, Ronald. 1974.
“The duality of persons and groups.” Social Forces. 53:191-190 [^pdf]
Borgatti, S. P., & Everett,
M. G. 1997. Network analysis of 2-mode data. Social Networks, 19(3):
Borgatti, S.P. [forthcoming].
2-Mode Concepts in Social Network Analysis. Encyclopedia of
Complexity and System Science. [pdf]
Wasserman & Faust, pp.
- R.L. Breiger and P.E. Pattison. 1986. "Cumulated Social Roles: The
Persons and Their Algebras," Social Networks 8 : 215-256
- King-To Yeung, “The Duality of Persons and Relationships.” Social Forces
- Georg Simmel, "How is Society Possible?" (pp. 6-22), "The Problem of
23-35), and possibly "Group Expansion and the Development of Individuality"
93) in Donald Levine (ed.), Georg Simmel on Individuality and Social Forms.
- R.L. Breiger, “The Duality of Persons and Groups,” Social Forces 53
(reprinted in Wellman and Berkowitz, Social Structures, 83-98).
- Peter S. Bearman, "The Social Structure of Suicide," Sociological Forum
6 (1991): 501-
- Phillip Bonacich, Annie Cody Holdren, and Michael Johnston, “Hyper-Edges
Multidimensional Centrality.” Social Networks 26 (2004): 189-203.
- Thomas J. Fararo and Patrick Doreian, “Tripartite Structural Analysis:
Breiger-Wilson Formalism.” Social Networks 6 (1984): 141-175.