Assignments are due on the day they are listed. Classification of reading into "methods", "theory" and "application" can be quite arbitrary. All items subject to change without notice. Please check the schedule frequently.
NOTE: Highlighted items will be discussed specifically in class.
1996. Some Antecedents of Social Network Analysis'' Connections
19: 39-42 [HTML version]
N&E:Intro; D&G:Intro; W&F:1
|Optional:||Mayhew, B. 1980.
Structuralism vs. individualism part 1: Shadow boxing in the dark. Social
Krackhardt, D. and Brass, D. 1994. Intraorganizational networks: The micro side. In W&G
1994. A quorum of graph theoretic concepts. Connections 17(1):
Borgatti, S., Everett, M. & Freeman, L. 1999. Ucinet 5 for Windows: User's Guide. Harvard: Analytic Technologies. (ms word file)
Lincoln, J.R. 1982. Intra (and inter-) organizational networks. Research in the sociology of organizations 1:1-38.
Tichy, Noel. 1981. Networks in organizations. Pp 225-249. In Nystrom, P.C. and Starbuck, W.H. (eds.) Handbook of Organizational Design. Vol 2. Oxford U press.
|Theory:||Granovetter, M. 1973. The strength of weak ties. American Journal of Sociology 81:1287-1303.|
|Application:||Hummon & Carley 1993. Social networks as normal science. Social Networks 15:71-106.|
R. 1974. The duality of persons and groups. Social Forces
Krackhardt, D. 1992. The strength of strong ties. In N&E.
D&G:1,3 (skip chapter 2); W&F:3-4
Play the Kevin Bacon Game! It's fun!
Download KP 3.2: Install in your ..\ucinet 5\datafiles folder!
R. & Fernandez, R. 1989. Structures of mediation: A formal approach
to brokerage in transaction networks. Sociological Methodology.
Wellman, B. & Frank, K. 1999. Network capital in a multi-level world. (scroll down to find this paper)
1988. Homogeneity in confiding relations. Social Networks 10:
Lin, Nan, Walter M. Ensel, and John C. Vaughn. 1981. Social Resources and Strength of Ties: Structural Factors in Occupational Status Attainment. American Sociological Review 46(4):393-405. [I don't have this]
Mayhew, B. 1968. Behavioral observability and compliance with religious proscriptions on birth control. Social Forces 47: 60-70 [Mayhew's first article]
Burt, Gabbay, Holt, Moran. 1994. Contingent organization as a network theory: The culture-performance contingency function.Acta Sociologica 37: 345-370. Or look at any of the articles at Burt's website
Uzzi, B. 1996. The sources and consequences of embeddedness for the economic performance of organizations: The network effect. American Sociological Review 61: 674-698
Lin, N. 1999. Social Networks and Status Attainment. Annual Review of Sociology 23. [I don't have this]
Burt, R.S. 1983. Range. Pp. 176-194 in Burt & Minor (Eds.) Applied Network Analysis. Beverly Hills: Sage.
P.V. 1990. Network data and measurement. Annual Review of Sociology
Krackhardt, D. 1987. Cognitive social structures. Social Networks 9:109-134
H.R., Killworth, P. & Sailer, L. 1981. Summary of research on
informant accuracy in network data, and on the reverse small world
problem. Connections 4(2):11-25
Freeman, L.C., Romney, A.K., & Freeman, S. 1987. Cognitive structure and informant accuracy. American Anthropologist 89:310-325
M. & Krackhardt, D. 1994. Bringing the individual back in : A
structural analysis of the internal market for reputation in
organizations. Academy of Management Journal 37(1):87-108.
Krackhardt, D. 1990. Assessing the political landscape: Structure, cognition, and power in organizations. Administrative Science Quarterly, 35: 342-369.
|Optional:||See reading for April 3rd on transactive knowledge.|
|Methods:||Baker, F. and
Hubert, L. 1981. The analysis of social interaction data. Sociological
Methods & Research 9(3): 339-361.
Krackhardt, D. 1988. Predicting with networks: Nonparametric multiple regression analyses of dyadic data. Social Networks 10:359-382
Baker, W. 1992. The network organization in theory and practice. in N&E.
S. 1990. The alignment of technology and structure through roles and
networks. Administrative Science Quarterly 35: 61-103.
Burkhardt, M. 1994. Social interaction effects following a technological change: A longitudinal investigation. Academy of Management Journal 37(4): 869-898.
Boster, J. 1986. Exchange of Varieties and Information between Aguaruna manioc cultivators. American Anthropologist 88:428-436.
|Optional:||Hubert, L. & Schultz, L. 1976. Quadratic assignment as a general data analysis strategy. British Journal of Mathematical & Statistical Psychology 29:190-241.|
|Homework:||Data Collection assignment|
1979. Centrality in social networks: Conceptual clarification. Social
Networks 1: 215-239.
Bonacich, P. 1987. Power and centrality: A family of measures. American Journal of Sociology 92:1170-1182. (skim)
Brass, D. and Burkhardt, M. 1992. Centrality and power in organizations. Pp. 191-215 in E&N.
Brass, D.J. & Krackhardt, D. 1999. The social capital of 21st century leaders. In J.G. Hunt, G.E. Dodge, & L. Wong (Eds.), Out-of-the-box leadership, 179-194. Stamford, CT: JAI Press.
Emerson, R., Gillmore, M. & Yamagishi, T. 1983. The distribution of
power in exchange networks ... American Journal of Sociology 89:
Markovsky, B., Willer, D. and Patton, T. 1988. Power relations in exchange networks. American Sociological Review 53: 220-236. (skim)
Cook, K. 1982. Network structures from an exchange perspective. Pp. 177-99 in Social Structure and Network Analysis Marsden, P. and Lin, N. (Eds.) Sage.
Freeman, L., Fararo, T., Bloomberg Jr, W. & Sunshine, M. 196x. Locating leaders in local communities: A comparison of some alternative approaches. American Sociological Review. :791-798.Leavitt, H. 1951. Some effects of communication patterns on group performance. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology 46: 38-50.
Pitts, F. 1979. The medieval river trade network of Russia revisited. Social Networks 1: 285-292.
Shaw, M.E. 1964. Communication networks. In L. Berkowitz (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology, 1: 111-147. New York: Academic Press.
[Recall Burt:2 and Gould & Fernandez 1983]
|Methods:||Borgatti, S. P., Everett, M. G., & Shirey, P. 1990. LS sets, lambda sets and other cohesive subsets. Social Networks, 12: 337-357.|
|Theory:||Freeman, L.C. 1992. The Sociological Concept of `Group': An Empirical Test of Two Models.' American Journal of Sociology, 98, 1992, 55-79|
D. G., & Caldwell, D. F. (1992). Bridging the boundary: External
activity and performance in organizational teams. Administrative Science
Quarterly, 37(4), 634-.
Johnson, J.C. 2000. Network evolution at the south pole. [word file]
|Optional:||W&F:7; D&F:4(78-86 only)
Lorrain, F. & White, H.C. 1971. Structural equivalence of individuals in social networks. Journal of Mathematical Sociology 1: 49-80. [skim only]
White, D.R. & Reitz, K.P. 1983. Graph & semigroup homomorphisms on networks of relations. Social Networks 5: 193-234. [skim]
Breiger, R., Boorman, S. & Arabie, P. 1975. An algorithm for clustering relational data with applications to social network analysis and comparison with multidimensional scaling. Journal of Mathematical Psychology 12: 328-383.
Burt, R.S. 1976. Positions in networks. Social Forces 55: 93-122.
Borgatti, S.P. & Everett, M.G. 1992. The notion of position in social network analysis. In Marsden, P. (Ed.) Sociological Methodology 1992. London: Basil Blackwell.
Erickson, B. 1988. The relational basis of attitudes. In Wellman, B. & Berkowitz, S.D. (Eds.) Social Structures: A social network approach. Pp. 99-121. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Burt, R.S. & Talmud, I. 1993. Market niche. 15: 133-149.
1986. Structural analysis of organizational fields: A blockmodel
approach. Research in Organizational Behavior 8: 335-70.
Galaskiewicz, J. & Burt, R.S. 1991. Interorganizational contagion in corporate philanthropy. Administrative Science Quarterly 36: 88-105.
Krackhardt, D. & Porter, L. 1986. The snowball effect: Turnover embedded in communication networks. Journal of Applied Psychology 71: 50-55.
Walker, G. 1985. Network position and cognition in a computer firm. Administrative Science Quarterly 30: 103-130.
Mullins, N., Hargens, L., Hecht, P. and Kick, E. 1977. The group structure of cocitation clusters: A comparative study. American Sociological Review 42: 552-562.
|Theory:||Wenger, E. 1998. Communities
of Practice. [Vignettes and Chapter 2 only]
Wegner, D., Raymond, P. & Erber, R. 1991. Transactive memory in close relationships. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 61(6): 923-929.
|Application:||Krackhardt, D. 1990. Assessing the political landscape: Structure, cognition, and power in organizations. Administrative Science Quarterly, 35: 342-369.|
|Optional:||Examine this knowledge
management resource page
Wegner, D., Giuliano, T., & Hertel, P. (1985). Cognitive Interdependence in Close Relationships. In W. Ickes (Ed.) Compatible and Incompatible Relationships pp. 253-276 New York, NY: Springer-Verlag.
Moreland, R. 1999. Transactive memory: Learning who knows what in work groups and organizations. Pp. 3-31 in Thompson, Levine & Messick, Shared Cognition in Organizations: The management of knowledge. Lawrence Erlbaum.
Cohen & Levinthal. Absorptive capacity.
March, J. 1991. Exploration and exploitation in organizational learning. Organization Science 2(1): 71-87.
Garud, R. 1997. On the distinction between know-how, know-why and know-what. Advances in Strategic Management 14: 81-101.
|Links:||Knowledge mgmt page.|
|Methods:||Watts, D. 1999. Networks, dynamics, and the small-world problem. American Journal of Sociology 105(2): 493-527.|
on EV Rogers book The Diffusion of Innovations
DiMaggio, P. 1983. The iron cage revisited: Institutional isomorphism and collective rationality in organizational fields. American Sociological Review 48: 147-160.
Abrahamson, E., & Rosenkopf, L. (1997). Social network effects on the extent of innovation diffusion: A computer simulation. Organization Science, 8(3), 289-309
(1985). Network position and cognition in a computer firm. Administrative
Science Quarterly, 30, 103-130.
Kraut, R., Rice, R.E., Cool, C. & Fish, R. (1998). Varieties of social influence: The role of utility and norms in the success of a new communication medium. Organization Science, 9(4), 437-453.
Burt, R. 1987. Social contagion and innovation: Cohesion versus structural equivalence. American Journal of Sociology 92: 1287-1335.
Coleman, J., Katz, E. & Menzel, H. 1957. The diffusion of an innovation among physicians. Sociometry 20: 253-270.
Milgram, S. 1969. An experimental study of the small world problem.
Sociometry 32: 425-443.
Klovdahl, A.S. 1985. Social networks and the spread of infectious diseases: The AIDS example. Social Science Medicine 21(11): 1203-1216.
|Homework:||See next week! (assignment moved)|
S.P., Jones, C. and Everett, M.G. 1998. Network measures of social capital.
Burt, R.S. 1992. Chapter 2 of Structural Holes: The Social Structure of Competition
Snijders, T.A.B. 1999. Prologue to the measurement of social capital. The Tocqueville Review 20(1): 27-44.
R.1993. The prosperous community. The American Prospect Online
Flap, H. 1999. Creation and returns of social capital: A new research program. The Tocqueville Review 20(1): 5-26.
Cohen, W. & Levinthal, D. (1990). Absorptive Capacity: A New Perspective on Learning and Innovation. Administrative Science Quarterly, 35, pp. 128-152.
"The Network Structure of Social Capital," R. S. Burt (Research in Organizational Behavior, edited by Robert I. Sutton and Barry M. Staw, JAI Press, 2000; January 2000: NSSC, and OSWC is the handout for the Organization Science Winter Conference on social capital
|Application:||Boxman, E. A. W., P. M. De Graaf, and Henk D. Flap. 1991. "The Impact of Social and Human Capital on the Income Attainment of Dutch Managers." Social Networks 13:51-73|
S.P. 1998. (Ed.) A SOCNET discussion on the origins of the term 'social
capital'. Connections 21(2): 37-46.
Burt, R.S. (1997). The Contingent Value of Social Capital. Administrative Science Quarterly, 42, pp. 339-365.
Coleman, J. (1988). Social Capital in the Creation of Human Capital. American Journal of Sociology, 94, pp. S95-S120
Putnam, R. 1995. Bowling Alone: America’s Declining Social Capital. Journal of Democracy 6(1) pp. 65-78. [I've seen this online]
|Homework:||roles & positions assignment|
|Theory:||Granovetter, M. 1985.
Action and Social Structure: The Problem of Embeddedness. American
Journal of Sociology, Vol. 91, No. 3. pp. 481-510. [Article
online via JSTOR]
Mizruchi, M. and Galaskiewicz, J. 1994. Networks of inter-organizational relations. Pp. 230-253 [in W&G]
Baker, W.E. & Faulkner, R.R. 1993. The social organization of conspiracy: Illegal networks in the heavy electrical equipment industry. American Sociological Review, 58, 837-860. [jstor]
|Application:||Gulati, Ranjay, 1995. Does familiarity breed trust? The implications of repeated ties for contractual choice in alliances. (Special Research Forum: Intra- and Interorganizational Cooperation). Vol. 38, Academy of Management Journal, 02-01-1995, pp 85(28).. [review available online]|
|Optional:||Perrow, C. 1992.
Small firm networks. in [N&E].
Krackhardt, D. & Hanson, J. 1993. Informal Networks: The Company. Harvard Business Review. July-August. 104-111.
LaBarre, P. 1994. The Other Network. Industry Week Sept 19th. pp 33-36.
/ Pinnacle Business Group
Salancik, G. 1995. Wanted: A good network theory of organization. Administrative Science Quarterly 40:345-349
Emirbayer, M. & Goodwin, J. 1994. Network analysis, culture, and the problem of agency. American Journal of Sociology 6: 1411-54.Mayhew, B. 1980. Structuralism vs. individualism part 1: Shadow boxing in the dark. Social Forces :335-375.
D&F:Introduction (pp. 1-12)
Coleman, J.S. 1990. Foundations of Social Theory. Chapter 1 (pp. 1-23).
DiMaggio, P. 1992. Nadel's paradox revisited. In N&E.
Mayhew, B. and P. Schollaert. 1980. The concentration of wealth: A sociological model. Sociological Focus 13: 1-35. [skim]
Contractor et al. SELF-ORGANIZING COMMUNICATION NETWORKS IN ORGANIZATIONS: VALIDATION OF A COMPUTATIONAL MODEL USING EXOGENOUS AND ENDOGENOUS THEORETICAL MECHANISMS